After the approval of the armistice between Italy and the Allies on September 3, 1943, Italy and Germany found themselves up against each other1. The Allies, disembarked in Salerno on September 9, had as their main objective the liberation of Rome. But to be able to redeem it, it was necessary to fight a tremendous battle in Cassino, which was in a strategic position for the passage of armies towards the capital2. The German defensive line Gustav, approved on October 4, extended from the mouth of the Garigliano river to the region of Abruzzo passing through Cassino3. On our territory, as reported on a map drawn up by the French troops, it passed through the southern slope of Mount Cifalco. As a result, it became the most extreme border for the German troops who established their observatories there. The peaks of Mount Cifalco were for them the ideal point for observing the Cassinate valley, because they offered a complete view.
Picture: German soldiers on Mount Cifalco, photo courtesy of Sabatino Di Cicco.